Post-Communist Mafia State – The Case of Hungary

Oldalszám: 312 oldal
Kotes: FULES, KARTONALT
ISBN: 9786155513541


Magyar Balint (Budapest, 1952), szociologus es liberalis politikus, egykori oktatasi miniszter, a Szabad Demokratak Szovetsegenek alapito tagja. Balint Magyar, born in 1952, a sociologist and a liberal politican. From 2002 until 2006 he held the position of Minister of Education and Science.
Magyarorszag ma egy posztkommunista maffiaallam. E kifejezesben a posztkommunista a keletkezesenek korulmenyeire es kiindulo felteteleire utal, vagyis arra, hogy ez meg ha megkesetten is az allami tulajdon monopoliumaval parosulo egyparti diktatura bomlasa nyoman letrejovo rendszer. A maffiaallam pedig mukodesenek termeszetet hatarozza meg. Ami nalunk 1998 es 2002 kozott elindult, majd 2010 ota kiteljesedett, azt leginkabb az egykori Szovjetunio utodallamainak tobbsegeben tortentekkel Putyin Oroszorszagaval, Azerbajdzsannal, vagy mas kozep-azsiai volt szovjet tagkoztarsasagokkal lehetne rokonitani, csak a rendszervaltas ota nalunk bejart politikai evolucios ut volt mas. A posztkommunista maffiaallam magyarazo modellje a rendszer egeszere probal koncentralni, nem pusztan egyes jelensegekre, amelyek esetleg mas rendszerekben is elofordultak.
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach Balint Magyar characterizes the system as the organised over-world, the state employing mafia methods and the adopted political family, applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework. The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional maffia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.

Ar: 3 391 Ft